Diabetes week takes place in June each year and is aimed at spreading awareness of diabetes. This diabetes week, the aim is to make it easier to have conversations and get people talking about diabetes.
Join the conversation on social media with the hashtags #diabetesweek #talkaboutdiabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
· In type 1 diabetes, your body attacks the cells of your pancreas (the organ which produces insulin), so you’re unable to produce insulin
· Insulin is required to allow glucose in our blood to enter our cells and fuel our bodies
· In type 1 diabetes, your body still breaks down the carbohydrate from food and drink and turns it into glucose (sugar). But when the glucose enters your bloodstream, there’s no insulin to allow it into your body’s cells, so more and more glucose then builds up in your bloodstream.
Type 2 Diabetes
· About 90% of people with diabetes, have type 2 diabetes
· When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body still breaks down carbohydrate from your food and drink and turns it into glucose.
· The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose levels keep rising. So more insulin is released. For some people with Type 2 diabetes this can eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and less insulin. This causes even higher blood glucose levels.
· Some people are able to manage their type 2 diabetes by losing weight, eating healthier and being more active.
There is nothing we can do to prevent type 1 diabetes, but around 3/5 cases of type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed.
· High blood pressure
· Being overweight
· History of heart attack or stroke
· Risk increases with age, you’re more at risk if you’re white and over 40 or over 25 if you’re African-Caribbean, Black African or South Asian
· You’re 2-6 times more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you have a parent, sister or child with diabetes
Find out your risk by using the Diabetes UK tool here: https://riskscore.diabetes.org.uk