Self Help

Anterior Knee Pain

Anterior Knee Pain

Knee Pain
Self Help Guides | Knee Conditions | Anterior Knee Pain


The joint where the kneecap (Patella) meets the upper leg bone (Femur) is called the patellofemoral joint, the kneecap sits in a groove here. Pain is often caused by an imbalance of the muscles that surround and support the knee; this can alter the load and positioning of the patellofemoral joint. Also known as: anterior knee pain, runner’s knee.


  • Pain at the front of the knee, often vague and intermittent
  • Pain with kneeling/direct pressure
  • Often gradual onset related to increased load or activity
  • May be creaking noise of the knee on movement
  • Often aggravated by walking, running, stairs and deep squatting
  • Swelling on acute episodes


  • Activity modification
  • Ice or heat
  • Pain relief
  • Suitable footwear which provide support
  • Physiotherapy including range of movement exercises and a graded strengthening programme
  • Orthopaedic options – 3-6 months conservative measures unless dislocated on more than 3 occasions


Generally not indicated


Pain for the front of your knee leaflet

Exercises to try

Anterior Knee Pain

Knee Pain
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